What is Bhagavad Gita?
Lord Krishna volunteers to be the chariot driver for Arjuna throughout the struggle between the Kauravas and Pandavas who’re blood family, combating for the throne of Hasthinapura. Just earlier than the struggle begins, Arjuna desires to see the rival military and orders his chariot driver to take him in entrance of them and he sees solely his kith and kin in the rival military and is completely disheartened. Unwilling to get the throne by killing his personal blood family, he throws his bow and arrow to the floor and sits in melancholy. Then Krishna consoles and encourages him with His Divine teachings to do obligation with out minding the outcome. Finally Arjuna will get the required clarification and goes for the struggle.
The scope of this text:
Reading Bhagavad Gita in its unique script (Sanskrit) is the finest. However, there are a number of English translations with transliteration obtainable and the work of Bhakthivedanta Swami Prabhupata, founder of ISKCON is taken into account right here.
What is ISKCON?
ISKCON, International Society for Krishna Consciousness was based by Sri Bhakthi Vedanta Swami Prabhupada in United States and now it has unfold throughout the world. Prabhu has written a number of books, primarily translated from Hindu scriptures, His translation of Bhagavad Gita in English is one of the finest and the easiest (904 pages) and is reviewed right here for the profit of those that want to be taught Bhagavad Gita and who have no idea Sanskrit wherein language the teachings initially can be found.
The format of the e book:
Sanjaya is giving reside relay to the blind king Dhridharashtra, Father of Kauravas about the occasions in the battlefield of Kurukshetra. Hence Bhagavad Gita is also contained in his narration.(Perhaps this can be the first LIVE commentary in the total world)
Bhagavad Gita (Gita, for brevity) accommodates 18 chapters, every having quantity of verses referred to as Slokas. They are listed as follows:
1. Arjuna Vishadha Yoga (The sorrow of Arjuna) 47 Verses
2. Sankhya Yoga (Yoga of data) 72 Verses
3. Karma Yoga (yoga of motion) 43 Verse
4. Karma gyana Yoga (Yoga of Karma by means of data) 42 Verses
5. Karma Sanyasa yoga (Yoga of renunciation) 29
6. Dhyana Yoga (Yoga of meditation) 47.
7. Gyana vigyana Yoga (Yoga of data and experiment) 30
8. Akshara Brahma Yogam (Yoga of reaching Eternal Brahma) 28
9. Raja Vidhya Raja Guhya Yoga (Yoga of Secret Mystic data) 34
10. Vibuthi Yoga (Yoga of Divine Glory) 42
11. Viswaroopa Dharsana Yoga (Vision of GOD in His Universal kind) 55
12. Bhakthi Yoga The Yoga of Devotion 20
13. Kshetra kshetragna yoga The Yoga of dwelling place and the dweller. 34
14. Gunathra vibhaga yoga: The three Gunas (three in-built characters) 27
15. Purushothuma yoga: The supreme being 20
16. Deyvasura sampath Yoga: Comparison of Divine and Yoga devilish qualities. 24
17. Shradhathraya Vibhaga yoga: Differences in worship in accordance to Three gunas 28
18 Moksha Sanyasa Yoga The Yoga of renunciation 78
Brief synopsis of the contents of every chapter is given beneath which can work as a catalyst to undergo the total e book.
Chapter 1: Arjuna Vishadha Yoga
This chapter explains the plight of Arjuna in beginning the struggle by means of the phrases of Sanjaya. who explains the scenario in the battlefield the place the battle is about to begin. Arjuna desires his chariot driver (Lord Krishna) to place the chariot halfway between each the armies. He sees solely his family, buddies and Gurus (Masters) in the opponent’s camp. He laments “why should I kill my kith and kin and aspire to get back?” So saying he throws away all his weapons and takes his seat in the chariot automotive in a completely confused state.
Chapter 2: Sankhya Yoga
Lord Krishna begins His sermon from this chapter which consists of two points.
1. The first side is: There isn’t any demise to the soul. “Wise folks by no means lament both for residing or useless, for the existence of soul is there for all the occasions. The Atma (soul) travels from one physique to one other on demise. Nobody would have the option to destroy that imperishable soul. The physique will certainly die, however the soul accepts one other physique as an individual places new clothes. So solely physique is killed and never the soul.
2. The second side insists that One has the bounden obligation to carry out the work allotted to him As a kshatriya (warrior) it’s his bounden obligation to struggle and win the enemy. “You have the proper solely to do your obligation and never for its fruits. Perform your obligation equipoised abandoning all attachments to success or failure. Such equanimity known as Yoga”
Thus spake Krishna in second chapter.
Chapter 3: Karma Yoga
Lord Krishna explains the trigger of any motion and the strategies to carry out obligation.
“The lively aspirants discover enlightenment by means of the path of motion. Activity is best than inertia. The world is imprisoned in its personal exercise, besides when actions are carried out as worship of God. Therefore you should carry out each motion sacramentally and be free from all attachments to the outcomes thereon.
After placing forth a number of elements in assist of performing duties and strategies thereon, Lord Krishna says:
“You have solely the obligation to carry out, you have no proper over the outcome.
Therefore, O Arjuna with full data of me, give up all of your works unto me.
Don’t have want for revenue, with none declare to proprietorship and free from lethargy,
Fight.” (verse 30 of chapter 3)
Chapter 4: Karma gyana Yoga, Yoga of Karma(motion) by means of data.
“What is motion? What is inaction? Even the clever are puzzled by this query. Therefore, I’ll inform you what motion is. When you recognize this you can be free from all impurities. The actual nature of motion is difficult to perceive. He who sees the inaction that’s in motion and the motion in inaction is smart certainly. Even when he’s engaged in motion, he’s poised in the tranquillity of the Atman (soul)..
Krishna quotes a number of actions prescribed by Vedas. The reward of all actions is to be present in enlightenment. When you might have reached enlightenment ignorance will delude you.now not. You will see the total creation inside your individual Atman and me.
Therefore, the doubts which have arisen in your coronary heart out of ignorance needs to be slashed by the weapon of data. Armed with yoga, oh Arjuna stand and struggle”
Chapter 5: Karma Sanyasa yoga (Yoga of renunciation)
On one hand Krishna advocates doing obligation is the finest method to salvation, on the different he’s praising renunciation as the finest method. Arjuna desires to know which is the surest method and Krishna explains it in the fifth chapter.
Krishna: ” Both motion and renunciation of materials advantages will assist one reaching paradise (Heaven). But performing duties is extra vital amongst the two. Renunciation is just not potential with out performing. Like the water drops on a lotus leaf a Sanyasi (saint) who performs with out attachment is just not affected by the sins if any, as outcome of that motion.
A yogi is just not attracted to materials sense pleasures, however all the time in trance, having fun with the pleasure inside. In this manner, the self- realised individual enjoys limitless happiness, for he concentrates on the Supreme”
The gist of the teachings is given in the abstract of 5 chapters We noticed the nature of duties and results of renunciation. God prepared, different chapters will likely be dealt in course of time.
I’d strongly advocate that readers could undergo all the chapters to get full knowledge and success in life.